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BRICKLAYING TERMINOLOGY

Brick Terminology




Face The long side of a brick that has the finished surface on it

End The short side of a brick that has the finished surface on it


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Bricklaying Terminology


 

Stretcher A brick laid flat with the Face to the front

Header A brick laid flat with the End to the front

Soldier A brick laid on its End with the Face to the front.

Half (or Rough Half) A brick cut in half across the face

Bat (usually a Half Bat) A half bat is a brick cut in half across the face so that the cut face is the same length as the End of the brick.

Three Quarter A brick cut across the Face more than half way along, used to change the bond at quoins (corners). Sometimes called a Three-quarter bat.

Closer A brick cut across the Face less than half way along, used to change the bond at quoins (corners). Sometimes called a quarter bat.

Queens closer A brick which has been cut vertically along its length from the middle of its End.

Kings closer A brick which has been cut vertically on the diagonal from the corner of the Face and one End to the back of the brick to show one End and nothing at the other.

Snapped Header A half bat laid to appear as a header.

Split A brick cut horizontally through the Face

Squint A brick which is specially made to bond around external or internal quoins where the Face and the End are set at an obtuse angles and where the Face is a Three-quarter and the End is a Closer. Typically in a Bay window at 60 or 45 degrees.

Dog Leg A brick which is specially made to bond around external or internal quoins where the Face and the End are set at an obtuse angles and where the Face is a Stretcher and the End is a Half Bat. Typically in a Bay window at 60 or 45 degrees.

Corbel A brick, block or stone which sits proud the main wall.

Cant A header which is angled at less than 90 degrees.

Plinth a stretcher which is angled on the face at less than 90 degrees.

Voussoir a supporting brick in an arch, usually shaped to ensure the joints appear even.